Dairy products, that means milk and all its derivatives like butter, ice cream, yoghurt and condensed milk, are generally manufactured in cheese factories and they are considered energy efficient food. In some countries some of this products are consumed as dairy milk, whole milk, skimmed milk and pasteurized milk. Anyway the majority of them are transformed in different products as butter, cheese, dried milk, ice cream, condensed milk, saleable all over the world.
The term lacticinium (dairy product from Latin) has two different meanings. The first one, more generic, includes all dairy products like cream, butter, yoghurt, ricotta, fresh and aged cheese. The second one refers only to dairy products which are not subjected to the aging process, as fresh cheese, mozzarella, stracchino (soft cheese), mascarpone cheese, ricotta, butter, cream and yoghurt.
Anyway the more common dairy products are cheese, ricotta, cream, butter and yoghurt.
Cheese comes from rennet, the protein of milk; ricotta cheese comes from curd . Cream is made from the fat part of milk while butter is produced with the processing of milk cream.
After the bacterial fermentation of milk sugars you obtain yoghurt. All milk derivatives, as well as milk itself, need to be heated to be consumed and/or transformed. One of the most important operation is the pasteurization.
Pasteurization process concerns the milk heating, at a specific temperature and for a specific period of time, and the following cooling. Pasteurization destroys completely all pathogenic germs, maintaining unvaried the nutritional value of milk.
For all heating processes are used electric heaters and a lot of companies in this sector use ELMITI’s electric heaters.
Really important are: thermoregulation, respect of hygienic and sanitary rules related to the heaters components, the choice and the planning of the most suitable electric heater. Our experience and the quality of our products make us a reliable supplier in this sector.
For further information concerning components and electric heaters for the dairy sector contact us.